I am an economic historian who focuses on the role of women in the labor market. My 2008 book, Gender, Work, and Wages in Industrial Revolution Britain, argues that, since strength was important in many occupations, lower wages do not necessarily imply discrimination. In the less-skilled and more competitive portions of the labor market women were sorted into occupations where strength mattered the least and were paid market wages that matched their productivity. Women did face discriminatory barriers imposed by union and professions, and these barriers appeared in less competitive portions of the labor market. I have collected an extensive sample of English farm accounts (1740-1850), and I have used this sample to examine differences in employment and wages by gender. Currently I am working on turn-of-the-century Swedish manufacturing workers with Maria Stanfors of Lund University, and I am studying absenteeism among US factory workers.
My teaching interests are wider. I teach Labor Economics and Game Theory every spring. I teach economic history when I can, and have taught a course on the Great Depression. I often teach the Senior Seminar whose topic varies but has included labor market discrimination, labor supply, and immigration. I have also taught a freshman tutorial focused on food.
B.A., Valparaiso University, 1989
Ph.D in Economics, Northwestern University, 1994
Econ 101 Principles of Economics
Econ 241 Game Theory
Econ 291 Intermediate Microeconomics
Econ 332 Labor Economics
Econ 401 Senior Seminar
“Absenteeism in Nineteenth-Century US Manufacturing”
• Illinois Economics Association, Chicago, Oct. 17, 2014
• Social Science History Association, Toronto, Nov. 8, 2014
• Women in Changing Labor Markets, Lund, Sweden, Mar. 12, 2015
• Economic History Society, Telford, Mar. 28, 2015
“The Paradox of Progress: The Emergence of Wage Discrimination in US Manufacturing,” European Review of Economic History, 2015, 19:128-148.
with Maria Stanfors, “Estimating Historical Wage Profiles,” Historical Methods: A Journal of Quantitative and Interdisciplinary History, 2015, 48:35–51.
"Agriculture, 1700-1870, in Roderick Floud, Paul Johnson, and Jane Humphries, eds., The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain, Cambridge University Press, 2014.
“Decomposing the Wage Gap: Within- and Between-Occupation Gender Wage Gaps at a Nineteenth-Century Textile Firm,” in Avner Greif, Lynne Kiesling, and John V. C. Nye, eds., Institutions, Innovation, and Industrialization: Essays in Economic History and Development, Princeton Univ. Press, 2014.
First Monograph Prize, Economic History Society, 2010.
MAJORS & MINORS
- ASIAN STUDIES (MINOR)
- BUSINESS (MINOR)
- COMPUTER SCIENCE (MINOR)
- EDUCATION STUDIES (MINOR)
- ENGINEERING (DUAL-DEGREE)
- FINANCIAL ECONOMICS
- GENDER STUDIES (MINOR)
- HISPANIC STUDIES
- MODERN LANGUAGES
- MULTICULTURAL AMER. STUDIES (MINOR)
- PRE-MEDICINE (PRE-PROFESSIONAL)
- POLITICAL SCIENCE