Number of copies
|Use over consecutive semesters|
Images, in this instance, include graphics (cartoons, charts, diagrams, drawings, etchings, graphics, line drawings, pictures, etc.) and photographs. The provisions of copyright law that distinguish between fair use and infringement are applicable to works in either print or electronic format.
Use of an image is within fair use provisions of copyright law when:
When copying selected images from a collection or compilation, "less is best.” The greater the amount copied, the less likely that fair use exemptions will apply. “Best practices” recommend the following limitations:
When the work being copied is owned or licensed for use by the College or Library, copying a greater amount may be allowed. The amount will be determined in consideration of the all four “fair use” factors, and how the copied material relates to a given educational goal.
If the quantity of content to be copied exceeds recommended amounts, or if use of content may otherwise be out of compliance with fair use exemptions, permission of the copyright holder is required and may incur a fee.
The number of copies made for educational purposes should be limited to;
Always include appropriate attribution and copyright notice when using any copyrighted work.
NOTE: Use of database content may be limited by the terms of licensing agreements as well as the fair use provisions of copyright law. If the terms of a license agreement differ from fair use provisions in the interpretation of copyright infringement, the former generally “trumps” the latter. Linking directly to database content is generally acceptable if access is restricted to the enrolled students of a specific course, copying or distribution for non-educational purposes is prohibited, and access to the content is not be retained without permission over consecutive semesters for the same course.
NOTE: Digital content include any electronic media created and communicated in digital code. The copyright protection given non-digital content also protects digital content. A book is a book whether in digital or print format; a letter is a letter whether fixed on paper or in an email. Technology makes it easier to infringe copyright but it does not justify infringement. Due consideration must be given to copyright restrictions when engaged in work that includes:
NOTE: If the quantity of content to be copied exceeds recommended amounts, or if use of content may otherwise be out of compliance with fair use exemptions, permission of the copyright holder is required and may incur a fee Copying without permission of the copyright holder is an infringement if:
For information about what material is protected by copyright and "fair use" provisions of copyright law, please refer to the Selected Tools listing. For additional assistance, please contact John Lamborn.